无疑是对希特勒等真正的独裁者的讽刺

   音乐课的时候老师给看了一些片段。后来特意去补完了。
   这部影片是卓别林自导自演的第一部有声影片。上映于二战时期,无疑是对希特勒等真正的独裁者的讽刺。除却精湛的演技,卓别林的勇气也是值得令人钦佩的。(据说元首真的看完了全片,然后很愤怒。
   影片将背景音乐和剧情结合起来,笑点层出不穷却又引人深思。虽然部分场景呈现的稍显刻意,但更多的还是精妙绝伦的叙述和递进。在爆发的大笑下是辛辣的讽刺。故事所表现的有多么好笑,历史和现实就有多么的残酷。
   在《大独裁者》上映之前,有声片并不是卓别林的领域。但是在影片中,大师开口说话了。而且在全片的末尾,也就是最高潮的部分发表了一篇长达数分钟的精彩的演讲。其中的演讲词在今天还是有值得人们思考的。
  《大独裁者》为电影史留下了许多经典的场景和构想,独裁者的地球之舞,匈牙利第五圆舞曲和理发的巧妙结合,独裁者歇斯底里的胡言乱语。整部电影中的角色都在一本正经的胡说八道,让你忍俊不禁却又知道,他们所想传递的绝非仅仅只是逗你笑而已。
  卓别林擅长表现小人物的生活和经历,他在片中扮演的理发师便是一个绝对的小人物。小人物尚且有对人性的追崇和关爱,与之面容相同的独裁者却一心妄图掌控世界。强烈的对比和讽刺便在这一环境下被凸显了出来。
   总而言之,作为喜剧,《大独裁者》的经典桥段足矣让人捧腹。而作为反法西斯影片,它一种相对诙谐轻松的方式暗示了某些东西。我们可以把这看做是卓别林个人上的一次大成功,也应该为那个年代有这样一部电影而感到欣慰。
    最后贴一下卓别林在结尾的那段演讲:
 I’m sorry but I don’t want to be an Emperor – that’s not my business –
I don’t want to rule or conquer anyone. I should like to help everyone
if possible, Jew, gentile, black man, white. We all want to help one
another, human beings are like that.
  We want to live by each other’s happiness, not by each other’s
misery. We don’t want to hate and despise one another. In this world
there is room for everyone and the good earth is rich and can provide
for everyone.
  The way of life can be free and beautiful.
  But we have lost the way.
  Greed has poisoned men’s souls – has barricaded the world with hate;
has goose-stepped us into misery and bloodshed.
  We have developed speed but we have shut ourselves in: machinery
that gives abundance has left us in want. Our knowledge has made us
cynical, our cleverness hard and unkind. We think too much and feel too
little: More than machinery we need humanity; More than cleverness we
need kindness and gentleness. Without these qualities, life will be
violent and all will be lost.
  The aeroplane and the radio have brought us closer together. The
very nature of these inventions cries out for the goodness
  in men, cries out for universal brotherhood for the unity of us all.
Even now my voice is reaching millions throughout the world, millions of
despairing men, women and little children, victims of a system that
makes men torture and imprison innocent people. To those who can hear me
I say Do not despair. The misery that is now upon us is but the passing
of greed, the bitterness of men who fear the way of human progress: the
hate of men will pass and dictators die, and the power they took from
the people, will return to the people and so long as men die, liberty
will never perish…
  Soldiers – don’t give yourselves to brutes, men who despise you,
enslave you – who regiment your lives, tell you what to
  do, what to think and what to feel, who drill you, diet you, treat
you like cattle, use you as cannon fodder!
  Don’t give yourselves to these unnatural men, machine men, with
machine minds and machine hearts! You are not machines! You are not
cattle! You are men! You have the love of humanity in your hearts. You
don’t hate – only the unloved hate – the unloved and the unnatural.
Soldiers – don’t fight for slavery, fight for liberty!
  In the seventeenth chapter of Saint Luke it is written the kingdom
of God is within man – not one man, nor a group of men – but in all men

  • in you! You the people have the power, the power to create machines,
    the power to create happiness! You the people have the power to make
    this life free and beautiful, to make this life a wonderful adventure!
    Then in the name of democracy let us use that power – let us all
    unite!!! Let us fight for a new world, a decent world that will give men
    a
      chance to work, that will give you the future and old age and
    security. By the promise of these things, brutes have risen to
      power, but they lie! They do not fulfil their promise, they never
    will! Dictators free themselves but they enslave the people! Now let us
    fight to fulfil that promise! Let us fight to free the world, to do away
    with national barriers, to do away with greed, with hate and
    intolerance! Let us fight for a world of reason, a world where science
    and progress will lead to all men’s happiness.
      Soldiers – in the name of democracy, let us all unite!!!

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